influence student learning. 7. It presents a set of principles to be held in common by certified planners, other practicing planners, appointed and elected officials, and others who participate in the process of planning. Merrill's Principles of Instruction were founded by M. David Merrill, a noted educational researcher and teacher. Principles of Learning General principles of learning 1) Readiness 2) Exercise 3) Effect 4) Primacy 5) Recency 6) Intensity 7) Requirement 8) Freedom 4. Based on such data, we might modify the learning objectives, content, structure, or format of a course, or otherwise adjust our teaching. Why is planning so important. A Michigan elementary school taps the power of data to effect positive change . Principles of Learning For more professional learning resources, Exclusion (i.e., one-to-one with educational assistant), Inclusion (tasks aligned with curriculum and using student strengths), Babysitting—children just sitting in classroom not engaged, Engagement and participation with school, more excitement and motivation from staff related to teaching students with significant disabilities, Professional development for teachers only, Professional development for all (Administrators, teachers, educational assistants, families, service providers), Growing district expertise (including planning for this development), Educational assistant solely responsible for student progress, Educational assistants panicking with what to do with students, Educational assistants feeling isolated and frustrated, Focus on a long-term vision and how we are going to get there, Waiting for direction from above to improve processes for students, Working collaboratively to create effective practice for students, Communication by crying (and less reliable use of PECS), Students with no means of communication (not even to make simple choices), Behavioural outbursts due to inability to communicate, Communication with visuals, consistent use of PECS, Momentum with low-tech AAC (and some high tech), Students interacting with letters and print, Participating by using alternative pencils to write, Educational assistants excited about what they are learning about emergent literacy, Thinking about the student and task before selecting the tool, Project-based learning with meaningful tasks, linked to curriculum, Looking for something different (e.g., curriculum specific to child), Creative modification of classroom materials by classroom teachers, Providing choices so students can participate, Requests for educational assistant support (often seen as the only option), 1:1 support from educational assistants (i.e., “Velcro EA), Understanding of how an educational assistant can support in the classroom, Educational assistants prompting every step, Use of wait time and prompt fading (leading to more independence), Use of communication devices by everyone, everywhere, Initial steps to using peer mentors and buddies. The following six principles for instructional planning provide a framework for thinking about, choosing and designing learning goals, activities and materials. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Principles of Teaching. Are we keeping them front of mind in the day-to-day planning for students with significant cognitive disabilities? Behavioral psychology advocates repetition and reinforcement in learning material to create a "behavior" in the learner. These principles hold true for ALL students. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Read Text. 1. chapter 6 instructional planning and development by Dwein D. No public clipboards found for this slide, Teaching and Learning Principles with Instructional Planning. Whenever you make a plan, you know what you want to achieve. Date . Excellence. The PRINCIPLES of LEARNING (Principles of Teaching 1), Principles of Teaching:Different Methods and Approaches. instructional planning is implemented in an appropriate manner, but students are not able to understand the concepts, then it signifies that there are certain areas, which may need improvement. Team-based instructional planning goals: 1. Click here to download a copy of these principles for instructional planning. as a result of grants from Alberta Education, to support To hear more about effective instructional practice, view this two-minute video of Dr. Caroline Musselwhite discussing why Good Literacy Instruction is Good for All Students. Much of this information already exists (e.g., student work, previous semesters’ course evaluations, dynamics of class participation), or we may need to seek additional feedback with help from the university teaching center (e.g., interpreting early course evaluations, conducting focus groups, designing pre- and posttests). Wiggins and McTighe (1998) identify a three-step process in planning for instruction. Summary … Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. Limit the number of new concepts introduced in a lesson, and focus first on the most basic concepts before advancing to the more complex concepts. Principles of Curriculum & Instructional Planning - Chapter Summary. Kick-start fall planning- 4 principles for instructional leaders. Share. At the end of the community of practice participants were asked to respond to the following question: “Over the past year, what changes have you seen for students with significant disabilities? Taking the time to do this upfront saves time in the end and leads to a better course. Learning for All | Copyright © 2016 We know that each institution or enterprise has some predetermined objectives and goals. Published 11 June 2015. Be sure that students understand one concept before introducing the second. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Apply all the principles of teaching and learning that you have learned in Principles of Teaching 1 and the research—based instructional strategies discussed in Chapter 4. If the objective is to help students learn to defend their positions or creative choices as they present their work, our role might be to challenge them to explain their decisions and consider alternative perspectives. regional professional development needs for all those who These roles should be chosen in service of the learning objectives and in support of the instructional activities. Subject: Management; Type: Term Paper; Level: Masters; … Principles of instructional planning Personally meaningful Age respectful Promotes autonomy Social relevant Opportunities for social interaction Developmentally appropriate 133 People Used View all course ›› Visit Site Instructional Planning - Learning for All. 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